Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain

Changes in the social and political landscape between 2011 and 2018, dramatic events such as DACA rule changes, new presidential leadership, immigration bills and more, have loomed large: deportation.

How this threat affects the mental health of some undocumented Latino immigrants in the United States has been studied before, but new research finds that it’s not just undocumented immigrants who feel at risk. do

Analyzing data from 2011-2018, Amy Johnson, assistant professor of sociology at Lehigh University, and a team of research assistants found an increase over time in psychological distress among Latinos, both citizens and noncitizens, in the United States. .

Study, “Deportation Risk Predicts Psychological Distress Among Latin American Citizens and Noncitizens, 2011 to 2018,” Johnson, Christopher Levesque, Neil A. Lewis, Jr., Assistant Professor of Law and Society and Sociology at Kenyon College is a co-author. Associate Professor of Communication and at Cornell University, and Asad L. Asad, assistant professor of sociology at Stanford University published I Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Given the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), for example, the researchers found that when President Obama announced temporary relief from deportation for some undocumented immigrants, it alleviated the problem for naturalized citizens.

The same pattern followed the announcement of Deferred Action for American Parents (the castle). In contrast, the dramatic social event of the Trump presidency led to symptoms of anxiety and depression among Latino noncitizens, leading to poorer health.

Although changes in the federal administration and its policies have direct effects, it is not the only one. This is the case, the research determines.

Beyond the federal level, researchers find that immigration and immigration enforcement also affect the everyday environment. . For example, ICE detainers request local police, or even communicate online.

“How people are talking about immigration and how important immigration and deportation are in everyday life is probably as important as these more dramatic changes and events, like the Trump election or DACA,” Johnson explains.

It is important to note that US-born Latinos are not as susceptible to deportation, but these events still affect their psychological health. Using Google Trends, the researchers show that U.S.-born Latinos experienced greater anxiety during periods when Google searches on topics related to deportation and immigration increased.

The researchers found that Latinos of all levels of citizenship responded negatively to this sense of deportation threat. But the exact route through which this happens depends on citizenship status.

“The fact that the racial and ethnic divide is so salient that even citizens feel the threat of deportation, and the anxiety about the threat of deportation, is really surprising,” Johnson says.

While the impact of the threat of deportation may increase during the highly polarizing 2024 election year, researchers stress that federal policy is not the only consideration. Creating a sense of cultural belonging is also important.

“We show concretely that the deportation-based approach to immigration that the United States is taking is psychologically damaging to American citizens as well,” Johnson says. “Going forward, we can argue for a change in policy around that. But in the same way, we can advocate for cultural ways of inclusion and belonging.”

More information:
Risk of deportation predicts psychological distress among Latin American citizens and noncitizens, 2011 to 2018. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2024). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2306554121. doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2306554121

Provided by
Lehigh University

Reference: Researchers find worsening distress among Latinos in United States (2024, February 19) Retrieved February 19, 2024 from https://phys.org/news/2024-02-worsening-distress-latinos-states.html Obtained

This document is subject to copyright. No part may be reproduced without written permission, except for any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research. The content is provided for informational purposes only.