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In late January, a 31-year-old woman and her daughters suffered. Terrible injuries After being attacked by an alkaline corrosive substance in London. Sadly, such acid attacks are not isolated incidents. Over the last 15 years, they have been growing all over the world, including the UK.

These attacks include sulfuric or spraying. On the victim’s face or body. Corrosive substances dissolve skin tissue, often exposing or dissolving underlying bone. They can cause permanent disfigurement, scarring, narrowing of the nostrils, eyelids and ears, and permanent loss of vision and hearing.

Those who specifically target a victim’s face are intended to maim and disfigure, but not necessarily kill, the victim. Their target. This can lead to devastating social and psychological problems for victims, including ongoing health problems, loss of social and economic status, poverty and misery.

Acid attacks as gender violence

Corrosive substance violence is horrible in any case. But what is often left out of the discussion is that it is a form of gender-based violence that primarily targets women. While Perpetrated against both men and women, the majority of victims.80% globallyare women, and the majority of perpetrators are men.

Like Researcher on gender-based violenceParticularly in minority ethnic communities, I have seen the devastating physical, psychological and social impact these crimes have on victims. As an expert in criminal justice responses to violence against women and girls, I have provided expert evidence on the cultural context in UK courts in cases of gender-based violence, including acid attacks. The Crown Prosecution Service highlighted my expertise in 2012. Acid attack case.

My research and experience suggests that the motivations for women to launch acid attacks are rooted in patriarchal notions of shame, “loss of face” and honor. They are often a response to, and related to, women’s rejection of men’s sexual advances. abuse and others “Honour” based violence.

Acid attacks are common in India and the rest of South Asia. Despite the ban Over the counter acid sales. In the Indian subcontinent, where acid is widely available and relatively cheap, traditional, patriarchal notions of women are subservient to men. Attacks are on the rise as women in India gain access to education and economic independence.

Within a patriarchal society, women are often said to embody the honor and respect of their family. Their behaviors, thoughts and actions should never be brought up. Shame on the family. Divorced or separated women are especially pressured to live up to these expectations.

As a result, men often believe that they have power and control over women’s beauty and sexuality. When women choose their own marriages or leave violent relationships to protect themselves and their children, men interpret these actions through a patriarchal lens and may respond with coercion or physical violence.

While details about the Clapham case are still emerging, it has been Reported That the suspect and victim were in a relationship prior to the attack.

How the law ignores violence against women.

In the UK, alleged perpetrators of acid attacks are charged under the Act. Offensive Weapons Act (2019). If convicted, they could face life imprisonment. A person carrying acid can also be charged with possession of an offensive weapon. Prevention of Crime Act (1953), which carries a maximum sentence of four years in prison.

If the acid attack results in the victim’s death, individuals may also be charged with murder or manslaughter. Although few acid attacks result in death, the intent to permanently disfigure the victim can still lead to a charge of murder.

The problem with the current approach is that it mostly punishes people for obtaining sensational substances, while ignoring the impact on the victim and the gendered aspect of the crime.

Acid attacks where the police are able to identify a gender motive should be treated in the same way as racial or religious hate crime, where the penalty is increased when the hate crime is identified. This will encourage the issue to be taken more seriously, and recognize victims as victims of domestic abuse or gender-based discrimination. There are many British women. Reported Not being taken seriously by the police when they report acid attack threats.

Acid attacks against women don’t usually happen out of the blue. Acid attack survivors has called For a better understanding of the causes behind acid attacks and how they are interconnected Other serious offences. As women’s rights are being eroded in favor of the patriarchal narrative. To save a man’s “honour”. Around the world, gender-based acid attacks are at risk of being legalized.

The criminal justice system must do more to help those whose lives have been affected. It starts with recognizing that these aren’t just horrific, random attacks — they’re often violence against women.

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This article has been republished. Conversation Under Creative Commons License. read Original article.Conversation

Reference: Acid attacks are a form of violence against women—laws need to treat them as such, researcher says (2024, Feb 18) 18 Feb 2024 https://phys.org/news/ Retrieved from 2024-02-acid-violence-women-law.html

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